Outbreaks of Corona virus infection or COVID-19 are increasingly widespread in a number of countries. In the midst of an outbreak of Corona virus infection (COVID-19), various terms related to this disease emerged, ranging from social distancing, lock down, to PDP. So as not to be confused, let’s, see this article to find out the meaning of these terms. You can also visit our website to find out coronavirus symptoms.
At present, the world is being shaken by the outbreak of COVID-19. How not, the disease caused by this latest type of coronavirus has claimed thousands of lives. In an effort to curb the spread of the Corona virus, the government encourages people to conduct social distancing.
Social distancing is just one of many terms related to the Corona virus that emerged in the COVID-19 pandemic. To better understand the terms related to COVID-19, consider the following review:
1. Social distancing
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the meaning of the term ‘social distancing’ or ‘social restrictions’ is to avoid public places, stay away from crowds, and maintain an optimal distance of 2 meters from other people. With the distance, the spread of this disease is expected to decrease.
2. Isolation and quarantine
The two terms related to the Corona virus refer to actions to prevent transmission of the Corona virus from people who have been exposed to this virus to others who have not.
The difference, isolation separates people who are already sick with people who are not sick to prevent the spread of the Corona virus, while quarantine separates and limits the activities of people who have been exposed to the Corona virus but have not shown symptoms.
Various experts recommend quarantine at home for at least 14 days. During quarantine, you are encouraged to stay at home while living a clean and healthy lifestyle, not meeting other people, and keeping a distance of at least 2 meters from people who live in the same house.
The term ‘lockdown’ means regional quarantine, which is a restriction of population movement within an area, including closing access to and leaving the area. The closure of entry and exit routes and restrictions on population movements is done to reduce contamination and spread of COVID-19 disease.
4. Flattening the curve
‘Flattening the curve’ is a term in the field of epidemiology for efforts to slow the spread of infectious diseases, in this case COVID-19, so that health facilities have adequate resources for sufferers. The weakening of this curve can be done by social distancing, quarantine, and isolation.
The curve illustrates the prediction of the number of people infected with the Corona virus within a certain time span. The number of sufferers that increases dramatically in a very short period, for example in just a few days, is described as a narrow height curve.
The number of sufferers who make their eyes wide makes treatment cannot be done optimally. This is because the number of sufferers exceeds the ability and capacity of health facilities, for example the number of beds and equipment available in hospitals is not enough to handle all patients.
This condition causes the death rate to be very high, not only in COVID-19 patients, but also in other disease patients who need treatment in hospital.